The Impact of Columbus’ Discovery. Part I

The history of the American discovery is closely associated with the voyage of Christopher Columbus. Renowned Spanish of his time, Columbus remains important in as far as the immigration into America is concerned. His role in slavery, colonization and the subject of native Indians in America attracted mixed reactions from the historians. While one faction sees him as a villain, others note heroism. At the prime of his voyage career, the Spanish empire extended the rule of its power, influence, and wealth throughout the world from the late fifteenth through the seventeenth century. Columbus conducted a successful expedition of overseas expansion in the reign of Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand.

American indigenous population predominantly Indians, was the first group that felt the actions of Columbus. It is worth noting that through the introduction of Columbian Exchange, cultural changes emerged coupled with loss of land belonging to the Native Americans. Economic patterns of America took a turn from 15th century as wealth began to grow. However, the impact of Christopher Columbus cut across continents as felt in America, Asia, Europe as well as Africa.

The Reaction of Columbus and His Crew on Arrival to the New Lands

On arrival in America, Columbus and his voyage crew interacted with the native people of America and initiated conversion to Christianity. In his first journal, the untold story (2012), Columbus distinctively expresses thoughts that the Americans, Asians and Africans only needed to be changed from their indigenous religion and be forced to accept Christianity. Columbus and the Crew further recommended enslavement of the local communities to serve the interest of the Spanish monarchy under the guise of religious doctrine of obedience to God. Besides, subsequent fights with other European colonies and displacement of native America tribal kingdoms enlisted the help of co-operative indigenous people.

The Lifestyle of the Native People

The voyage encountered diverse mix of tribes in their different socio-economic structures. A tribe notably mentioned by Columbus was the Indians. These people were a combination of different sub -tribes, and they spanned the island of the Greater and Lesser Antilles. In the Bahamas, the crew also came across Tainos. This culture constituted Eastern, Western and Classic Tainos. Basing on the recent findings, Columbus Journal (2014), the natives were spread all over in both small and large troops of Caribbean with the Tainos dominating the landscape.

The sailor also noted the uniqueness of culture of the American people. For instance, the classic Tainos were exceptional tribe that relied on agriculture, hunting and fishing. In Cuba, Hispanics and Puerto Rico, the crew realized that the Chiefs were governing the villages. The role of the leader was to oversee the political and social functions of the community. There was no gender disparity as both women and men were eligible for the position of becoming the area chief. Few villages grouped together to form one loosely organized district governed by one of the community leaders. The current political system of the United States is comparable to the Taino government structure of that time.