The Impact of Columbus’ Discovery. Part II


The explorer’s discovery of the native land with arable opportunities affected the locals by being governed by the foreign authorities. Europe is one continent that felt this era as Spanish monarchy began taking lands, farming and establishing foreign administration on the natives. In fact, after the discovery of new lands, Columbus requested the government of Spanish to establish a colony so as to benefit from the slave trade and agriculture. In that respect, the Africans and Native Americans were put into slavery to supply much needed labor.

Economic Growth

There was arable land with ample amount of vast opportunities for agriculture, and this stimulated profitable agricultural endeavors that increased wealth of immigrant in America. The rich individuals could buy slaves from Spanish and use them to expand their farming activities.

Cultural Exchange

Columbus provided an opportunity for People longing for the vast prospects in the new land. The result was displacement of red Indians as European, Asian, and African immigrants completely changed the lifestyles of New America. Another consequence of Columbus’ discovery was the introduction of a new culture in America influenced by intermarriage between the Europeans and the red Indians.

 Columbian Exchange

The global exchange of goods, people, plants, and diseases besides ideas constituted Columbian exchange. Christopher Columbus journey exposed the new world in his voyage job.

With time as the Spanish empire and European interest in America expanded, the horses and other domestic animals were transported from the great Europe to America. The horses were introduced to the Indians and it formed part of their culture. Asian mainly used the domesticated plants for food while improving hunting, and keeping the animal as the nomadic lifestyle. Tobacco is one of the crops introduced in India that led to the native people adopting smoking culture.

Introduction of Slave Trade

The voyage furthermore leads to an introduction of certain diseases such as Yellow Fever, Smallpox, and Malaria as 90% of the inhabitants died of the illness. The diseases interfered with Indians as they grew weak with time and thus, did not provide useful labor as required to work on plantations. The Spanish empire had to find a solution to this and decided to import slave from Africa thus, leading to slave trade.

Christopher Columbus as either a Hero or a Villain

Overall evaluation of Christopher Columbus’s contribution towards the history of America exhibits an influential personality. Though the sailor claims to have discovered the native land first in history, indigenous people were living in the land.


A conclusive research shows that Christopher Columbus helped the Spanish kingdom to discover and explore the new lands of America, Europe, Africa and Asia. The Voyage of Columbus around the world increased slave trade that depopulated Africa, enhanced spread of Christianity by European missionaries. Besides, Asians embraced trade and other products like tobacco. The act of heroism can therefore be seen in Columbus.

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